BGR Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe

Natural gas

The Arctic Princess in the port of Melkøya/NorwayThe Arctic Princess in the port of Melkøya/Norway Source: Statoil ASA

With a share of 23.7 % of global primary energy consumption in 2014, natural gas remains the third most important fuel behind oil and hard coal. The high levels of growth predicted for natural gas only a few years ago, have not been fulfilled so far.

There was another increase in global natural gas reserves in 2014 as well, when adjusted for production. The availability of gas supplies over many decades to come is covered by the large remaining natural gas potential, even in the face of growing demand. Thanks to the expansion of its shale gas production, the USA was able to cover around 95 % of its demand from domestic production. The global trade in natural gas declined overall compared to the previous year. The trade in LNG increased though, at the expense of pipeline-based transport, which dropped by more than 6 %. Growing quantities of LNG will come onto the market in the next years, which will create a comfortable supply situation.

With their integrated and growing supply networks, Germany and Europe are connected to a large proportion of the global gas reserves via pipelines and LNG terminals. However, geopolitical risks are a key factor affecting the supply of natural gas.

BGR gathers and evaluates comprehensive information on the global distribution and availability of gas.

BGR explores the regional gas potential in sedimentary basins, as well as at continental margins, and develops new exploration methods or improves existing ones.


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