BGR Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe

Renewable Energy

The biggest users of renewable energy resources for electricity generation 2016The biggest users of renewable energy resources for electricity generation 2016 Source: BGR

There is a very large spectrum of renewable energy resources. These include "classic" renewables such as solid biomass (e.g. wood), and hydroelectric power, as well as the "modern" renewables: windpower, solar power, geothermal energy, tidal power and various forms of biogenic natural resources. The range of uses here is also very varied and includes power generation, the use of heat and cold, as well as fuels for the mobility and transport sectors. Most renewable energy resources are used for power generation.

The proportion of renewables rose further in 2016 especially for power generation. Photovoltaics in particular boasted the largest growth rates world-wide for the first time in terms of the expansion of renewable energy. The global installed capacity of renewables for power generation today totals 2,008 GW. A major challenge is the discrepancy between this potential and the actually available output, which means that only around 17 % of global primary energy consumption could be covered by renewables. More than 70 % of this is accounted for by biogenic energy resources, almost 20 % by hydroelectric power, and around a tenth by modern renewables such as solar power and windpower. A further expansion of all energy supply sectors can be expected in future. Investments here in recent years have increased in particular in developing countries and emerging economies. Investments and the expansion of capacities will further increase the influence of renewable energy globally, particularly in the power sector, whilst the influence in the heat and transport sectors will probably only grow moderately in the medium term.

Further Informations on Energy Resources



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